SchoolArts Magazine

April 2017

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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P icasso once said, "bad artists imitate, good artists steal." More recently, street artist Banksy created a piece by inscribing this quote on a rock, but crossing out Picasso's name and writ- ing in his own. Perhaps what is even more ironic is that Picasso appropri- ated that quote from T. S. Eliot, who wrote, "The immature poet imitates, the mature poet plagiarizes." Though stealing may seem inappro- priate, it isn't always bad and it isn't always wrong. Parody, appropriation, and intertextuality are all methods of borrowing aspects of other's work to create one's own. T H E O P E N A R T R O O M "Artists Steal" is an in-depth unit of study that covers the artistic behav - ior of "stealing." The objectives of this unit include asking students to dig deeper into copyright versus inspira - tion, explore how artists steal in a variety of ways, and create a final work of art incorporating these concepts. Pre-Assessment Have students respond to these three questions. Hold on to their responses until the end of the unit, when you will ask them to respond again. 1. Is copying as part of your artwork ever okay? 2. What is the difference between copying someone's idea and being inspired by someone's work? 3. How are stealing and copying dif- ferent? Inspiration Phase The purpose of this phase is to pres- ent the overarching concept of the unit through the presentation of ideas, artists, and artwork. Have students watch the TED Talk by Austin Kleon, "Steal Like an Artist." In the video, Kleon accounts for inadvertently stealing from art - ists and explains the benefits of cre- ative theft. Other Artist Examples You may also consider introducing these other artists to your students to open a dialogue about when copy- ing art is appropriation and when it becomes infringement: • Roy Lichtenstein: Pop artist best known for his 1960s work appro- priating comic book imagery. • Shepard Fairey: Street artist who fought a legal battle over the use of an AP photograph he copied to create the 2008 Barack Obama Hope poster. • Jeff Koons: Artist Koons was sued by photographer Art Rogers after creating a sculpture of puppies identical to Rogers' photograph. • Jamian Juliano-Villani: Juliano- Villani creates collage paintings by projecting and tracing images from books and magazines. Design Phase In the design phase, students partici- pate in a few short one- or two-day activities to stimulate the creative process: Create a Blackout Poem: Using old newspapers or pages from books, have students create their own blackout poems. Using a dark marker, students circle words they wish to keep, then black out the remaining text. Reimage an Animated Character: Students select a cartoon charac - ter they wish to reimage. This is achieved by determining a funda - mental characteristic (personality, clothing, time period) they will change. Another variation of this activity is using two characters and creating a mash-up. During these activities, the teacher may present several different tech- niques for "ways to steal." These Artists Steal Ian Sands Parod , appropriation, and intertextualit are all methods of borrowing aspects of other's work to create one's own. CONTINUED ON PAGE 45. 14 APRIL 2017 SchoolArts

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