SchoolArts Magazine

March 2015

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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Page 37 of 70

Pull-out Resource Looking & Learning Explore The urge to explore has powered human beings' greatest achievements in histor , science, and the arts. T his need is common to all cultures and historical peri - ods—the desire to know more, to discover something new, to uncover a hidden truth, to unlock new possibilities and break down barriers. Artists, driven by these same desires and goals, explore life and all of its manifestations through their work. In order to explore new ideas, processes, materials, and even new worlds, art - ists must extend themselves and their abilities in new ways. Often, a new idea or goal will lead artists to a new way of working and thinking that requires them to stretch the limits of known possibilities and break new ground. These explorations have led to the emergence of hybrid forms such as col - lage, video, digital art, conceptual art, relational aesthetics, and processes that are forming and emerging today. About the Artists/Artworks Simone Moschino (1523–1610) and Pirro Ligorio (1513–1583) Pirro Ligorio was an architect, painter, landscape designer, sculptor, and hydraulic engineer who carefully studied the art — particularly the curiosities — of ancient Greece and Rome. He designed elaborate, fanciful water terraces and gardens for the Villa d'Este and the Vatican's Belvedere Court, built the Lancelotti and Ceci Palaces in Rome, and succeeded Michelangelo briefly in working on the addi- tions to Saint Peter's Basilica. Together with sculptor Simone Moschino, Ligorio designed and built the Park of Monsters (Parco dei Mostri) at the Villa Orsini in Bomarzo, Italy. The park, like no other art project, exemplifies the ideas cherished by Man- nerists in stretching the limits of classicism in Renais- sance art. While Ligorio called the sculptures "grotesques," they are meant to express the fabulous attributes of the ancient Greek and Roman gods. The park is a source of wonderment for visitors and a tribute to Ligorio's in-depth studies of classical mythology. Li Hongbo (b. 1974) Over the centuries, paper has become an important sup- port for works of art, and it has also become a medium. Li Hongbo has taken paper as a primary medium in a new direction. Hongbo, a former book editor and designer for an advertising company, studied in the experimental arts department of China Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing. He was fascinated by the simplicity with which honeycomb paper was put together. Hongbo has repeated this machine-made process painstakingly by hand, cutting and gluing as many as 30,000 sheets of paper into a large block. He then carves the paper with various saws, just as a wood sculptor might do, finishing the form with sandpaper. Using common paper gives the medium a whole new status as a viable sculpture medium in its elementary form. Among the many forms Hongbo carves are classical busts, human figures, flowers, and vases. The forms are often displayed in two modes: as the finished form; and pulled open so that the viewer can appreciate the proper- ties of movement, rhythm, and fluidity possible in the paper medium. Simone Moschino (sculptor) and Pirro Ligorio (architect), Orcus, ca. 1552–1570. From the Park of Monsters, Villa Orsini, Bomarzo, Italy. Photo ©Davis Art Images. 29

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