SchoolArts Magazine

January 2015

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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C reating value with texture can bring visual excitement to a student's artwork. Val- ues are the tints (lightness) or shades (darkness) of a color, or all of the grays changing from white to black. It can be a difficult element for young artists to understand and mas- ter in their drawings. When approaching values through textures, students experience value from a different perspective. Try lim- iting students to the use of values made of black textures on white paper. The values created by the variety of textures can really emphasize the "wow" factor in a student's artwork. Drawing with Pencil It is important to train students' eyes to see the subtle changes in value as well as the contrasting ones. Value change in a pencil drawing can take an artwork from a monotone render- ing to a strikingly realistic piece with space and form. Value with pencil is easily understood when created in a basic value scale running from white and gradually changing to black. It becomes more of a challenge when the pencil value is needed to create the illusion of form and space in an artwork. Drawing with Marker When you ask students to create value with a black marker, the request may leave them scratching their heads. TALKING ABOUT Kathy Raines Graham Hatching, cross-hatching, and stip- pling are the most common methods for creating value change with black marker, but using a variety of invented textures can create a great deal of visual interest. Invented Textures Invented textures are created by the repeti- tion of a shape or a line that fills an area of the artwork. It is a time consuming, yet simple effect that makes a strong visual impact. Texture Reference Page I begin each new class of eager artists by asking them to create a texture reference page. The page will be filled with at least a dozen or more examples of textures and will be referred to for later assignments. When creating their texture reference pages, ask students to divide a sheet of white drawing paper into geometric sections using lines that cross the paper horizontally, vertically, and diagonally. This can be a great opportunity to get in some practice using a ruler and demonstrat- TEXTURE Students realize that it is texture that can make someone look at a drawing and say, "Wow, how did they do that?" 32 SchoolArts Middle School Studio Lesson Zoe, grade seven.

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