SchoolArts Magazine

JAN 2014

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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Left: Linh (Kitty) Nguyen, grade four. Below: Blue Kozikowski, grade four wavy, and spiral lines. Students added these to their szopki using tacky glue. They could also use various colors of glitter glue to draw lines and add patterns. As a final touch, students added acrylic gems and sequins to their szopki. The finished szopki made a magnificent, sparkling display in the halls. Denise Rudd is the art resource teacher for Albuquerque Public Schools Fine Arts Program in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and communications director for the New Mexico Art Education Association. nationaL standard Students use different media, techniques, and processes to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories. History of the szopka Around the time of the Middle Ages, the szopka, or Kraków crèche, was used as a puppet theater in the churches of Kraków, Poland. Since many people at that time were not literate, such plays were used to educate the public about morality and religion. When the plays started to become more secular, they were outlawed by the church and began to appear in the streets and in cafés as a form of entertainment through political satire. The crèches were often carried from doorto-door by holiday carolers. When Poland was occupied during World War I, szopki entertainment was banned once again for being too critical of the foreign occupiers. Once Poland became a free nation after the war, the art form began to flourish. Bricklayers adopted szopka building as a way to earn money during the holiday season since outdoor construction work was difficult in winter. Today, a competition is held each year in December in the market square of the city to find the best pieces, Web Link and artists of all ages compete in different categories for prizes and recognition. www.cracowcrafts.com/szopka.html schoolartsonline.com 29

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