SchoolArts Magazine

JAN 2014

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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Elementary Studio Lesson Spectacular PoLish szoPki Denise Rudd N similar materials to the authentic Polew Mexico is a state where ish version, including poster board and inspiration for art lessons is anything shiny that I could find. found around every corner in breathtaking landscapes, creating a Base architecture based in many cultures, beautiful Native American art, and col- As a background or base for their szopki, students used 8 x 10" (20 x orful hot air balloons. One day, while 25 cm) poster board in blue, black, or shopping in Santa Fe, I came across an white. I provided them each with two idea for a lesson based on a tradition 4 x 5" (10 x 12 cm) pieces of plain or that has its roots in Kraków, Poland. embossed multiIt's a celebrated colored foil paper. form of folk art Around the time of the One was selected that has existed Middle Ages, the szopka, for the main part for centuries: the or Kraków crèche, was used of the szopka, and Polish szopka. as a puppet theater in the the other was set Szopki (pronounced shop-key) churches of Kraków, Poland. aside for later use. Students picked are elaborate, various sizes of colored foil squares three-dimensional architectural and rectangles for the remaining parts structures traditionally made around of the building. Christmas. A szopka can range anywhere from 6" to 6' tall. They are made construction Begins with a wood or cardboard base and Students used glue sticks to adhere decorated with anything shiny: foil, costume jewelry, artificial gems, candy one of the pieces of foil to the poster board, placed either horizontally or wrappers, sequins, etc. Szopki are vertically. Smaller squares and rectcreated with great attention to archiangles were used to construct two tectural details such as windows, archor three towers. Students then added ways, turrets, banners, spires, domes, roofs, spires, or any other architecand finials. tural elements of their choosing to My encounter inspired a low-relief their szopki. (or bas-relief) pop-out collage using 28 January 2014 SchoolArts creating Low relief To create pop-outs of the smaller details, students glued down the second piece of foil paper onto a scrap piece of poster board to prevent the paper from curling. Out of this paper, students cut windows, columns, archways, and any smaller architectural elements they chose. They used tacky glue to secure ½" (1 cm) pieces of corrugated cardboard to the back of their shapes and glued them down. This technique brought the szopki collages into low relief. Students could also "stack" these pieces to add even greater dimension and detail. embellishments For the linear details, I demonstrated how to roll aluminum foil into tiny coils and spheres and how to manipulate the coils to form zig-zag, curled,

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