SchoolArts Magazine

NOV 2013

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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Looking & Learning collaborating Pull-out Resource Collaboration is an essential part of an artist's life. W e're all pretty familiar with the popular cliché of the tortured artist: He or she works alone in the studio, creating a masterpiece, sometimes going for days without human contact. While solitude is sometimes part of the artistic process, collaborating with others is equally, if not more, important. Whether working with others in creative partnerships, working with studio assistants, working together to create new galleries or studio spaces, or inviting members of a community to participate in a project, collabora- tion is an essential part of an artist's life. It allows us to surpass what we can do on our own. There are many complex roles and careers in the art world that specialize in collaboration. These artists work together to achieve their goals, such as hanging work in a gallery or casting a sculpture in bronze. In these situations, the results go far beyond that of a single artist working alone in a studio. In fact, collaboration is often necessary when creating magnificent and startling works of art such as large-scale sculptures or architecture. Frank Furness and George Hewitt, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts façade and interior, Philadelphia, 1872–1876. © Davis Fine Art Images. About the Artists/Artworks Frank Furness, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts Architecture is by far one of the most collaborative of all art forms. Architects not only collaborate in creating designs for buildings, they also employ expert stonemasons, ceramic tile artists, structural engineers, sculptors, and glass artists. The work of Frank Furness is a perfect example of the merging of all these disciplines in one work of art. Furness began his architecture firm after the Civil War, a period when modern technology was merging with historical architectural styles. He designed the interior and exterior of his buildings and collaborated with furniture makers to design the furnishings for the interiors of his buildings. Furness's designs often combined the input of industrial engineers in the use of steel on interior structures such as stairways and supporting vaults. The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts is considered Furness's masterpiece. It combines the influences of Gothic, Byzantine, Romanesque, and Hispano-Mooresque architecture, all within a modern steel-frame building. Wade Kavanaugh and Stephen B. Nguyen, Rush to Rest Wade Kavanaugh and Stephen B. Nguyen have collaborated on more than a dozen sculptural works using paper as the primary medium. Their collaborative process, which involves questioning our understandings of memory, perception, and imagination, has encouraged experimentation and play that might otherwise not exist in their individual artistic practices. Since 2005, they have created collaborative installations all over the United States, including Carnegie Mellon University, Sun Valley Art Center, MASS MoCA, Dumbo Art Center in Brooklyn, and the Soap Factory in Minneapolis. Their large-scale, low-tech installations evoke and reflect the natural world by placing the viewer among mountains of twisted, churning paper. Rush to Rest was created without an armature and refers to the event of sudden action followed by stillness in natural phenomena like landslides, lightning strikes, or earthquakes. schoolartsonline.com 23

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