SchoolArts Magazine

MAR 2009

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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Craft Stick Houses Early Childhood The Art Problem How can young students recognize and remember triangles and rectangles? How can they remember basic painting terminology? Objective Students create a house using craft sticks. Vocabulary triangle, rectangle, inside, outside, transparent, opaque, watercolor paint, tempera paint Materials craft sticks, cardboard, white glue, tempera paint, watercolor, markers, craft foam, found objects, scissors Procedures 1. Demonstrate triangles and rectangles using craft sticks. Students use their own craft sticks to reproduce those shapes before beginning the project. Have students "draw" triangles and rectangles in the air to show their understanding of the concept. 2. Demonstrate gluing sticks with white glue in some possible variations to create a rectangle with a triangle roof. 3. Paint outside the houses down to the ground with tempera paint covering all of the cardboard smoothly. Notice that tempera paint covers the cardboard, which is called opaque. 4. Paint watercolors inside houses using watercolors. Notice watercolor paints are transparent (seethrough) compared to tempera paint. 5. Discuss the difference between the two types of paint using the words opaque and transparent. 6. Students add details with marker, found object,s and colored craft foam. Assessment Students are assessed on demonstration of triangles and rectangles, smooth paint coverage of the cardboard outside the house, and complexity of details in their work. By Janet Barnes, primary art specialist at Rogers Elementary in Bloomington, Indiana. Mixed-Media Sunflowers Middle School The Art Problem Students will create their own unique sunflower designs using oil pastels and wet-on-wet watercolor, while reviewing line types and geometric shapes. Objectives After viewing paintings by Vincent van Gogh and exploring real sunflowers, students will be able to show knowledge of the basic circular shapes of the centers, triangular shapes on the rows of petals, and sturdy stems of the flowers through a mixed-media lesson emphasizing color blending. Materials 6 x 18" (15 x 45 cm) white tag board, oil pastels, pencils, erasers, circle stencils, watercolor paints, brushes, and water containers Procedures 1. Using Vincent van Gogh's sunflower paintings and actual sunflowers as motivation, allow students to explore the simplified shapes of the flowers, textures, double rows of pedals, and thick, strong stems. 2. Using circle stencils, have students trace two circles on the tag board, allowing room for petals. 3. Have students create triangular shapes around each circle, keeping them large enough to fill in with oil pastels. 4. Create a textural effect inside the circles, using curved or spiral lines. 5. Draw a curved or straight line from one flower to the bottom or side of the paper. 6. Fill in the negative space with at least one leaf. 7. Have students fill in the flowers and stems using oil pastels, blending at least two colors on each shape. 8. Have students fill in the background using the wet-on-wet technique with watercolors. Assessment Did students follow all the above listed criteria, complete the work on time, and show effort? By Marisa Main, a middle-school art teacher in Huntington, West Virginia. You've Got the Music in You Elementary The Art Problem Students are introduced to a variety of contemporary modern artists. They will choose one artist or piece of art to investigate and be inspired by. Objective Students will create a work of art inspired by a contemporary or modern artist. Materials tempera paint, water, paint cups, brushes (various sizes), watercolor paper Procedures 1. Define the terms "contemporary" and "modern" 2. Show a slideshow of images of work by modern artists (e.g., Pollock, Klimt, Klee, Gehry, Moore, etc). Discuss artist's name, background, style, etc. 3. Allow students to choose one artist or piece of artwork as their inspiration. 4. Students provide two thumbnail sketches of their proposed piece of art. 5. Once each student's proposition has been approved, students may get to work. 6. Have supplies laid out for students to choose from as needed. Assessment A class discussion, including questions such as: What is modern art? Who is the artist that you chose to be inspired by? What was he or she known for? How did you display that technique into your work? Lesson Adaptations Adaptations may be made for students with limited control over motor skills. Students can use bulb brushes, grip brushes, or brushes with elastic attachment. By Megan Pendleton, an art teacher based out of Boston, Massachusetts. Embellished Monoprints High School The Art Problem Students will study the history of printmaking while focusing on monoprinting and its process. Each student will create a series of monoprints and learn how embellishing can add to its textural quality. Materials scraps of Plexiglas, variety of drawing materials, heavy drawing paper, brayer, watercolor or acrylic paints Procedures 1. Begin by showing students images of monoprints. If you do not have books available you can easily search online images to share with students. 2. Monoprinting is unique in the printmaking world since it is the only process that produces only one image. Once students understand the basic process, ask each student to trace their piece of Plexiglas onto a scrap piece of paper. They should create a design that then can be placed back under the Plexiglas as a template. 3. Ask students to paint on the glass and place a sheet of damp heavy drawing paper on top of the wet paint. 4. With a brayer or roller, transfer the image onto the paper. 5. Once the image is dry, ask students to embellish the image with dry media, wet media, or collage. Student Extension Once complete, students can use their template to create a series of monoprints that focus on color scheme, line, or pattern. By Nicole Brisco, an art teacher at Pleasant Grove High School in Texarkana, Texas, and a contributing editor for SchoolArts.

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