SchoolArts Magazine

AUG-SEP 2010

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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Artists & Artworks The Homeless Vehicle is Wodiczko's response to David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896–1974) the homeless epidemic in New York City in the 1980s. The Agrarian Revolution of Emiliano Zapata Wodiczko worked with a team of homeless citizens and David Alfaro Siqueiros was one of the founders of the designers to create vehicles inspired by shopping carts. Mexican mural movement, along with Diego Rivera and Designed and constructed to provide an individual with José Clemente Orozco. He believed that art ought to be basic human needs, each has an insulated sleeping space, political and educational, as well as public. Siqueiros a wash basin, toilet, and storage space. Like other artists directed his passion for art and his great compassion inspired by their compassion, Wodiczko uses his art to for the people of Mexico to represent the plight of the address issues of powerlessness and social justice. workers and their struggles for justice. Through his large, vibrantly painted murals, he told the story of the Mierle Laderman Ukeles (b. 1939) Mexican Revolution through its heroes and masses of Ceremonial Arch Honoring Service Workers ordinary people. His goal was to address oppression and in the New Service Economy alleviate the problems faced by his people. Mierle Laderman Ukeles creates art inspired by her comIn The Agrarian Revolution of Emiliano Zapata, passion for workers whose services are often overlooked. Siqueiros features the revolutionary leader and his folAs an artist in residence for the New York City Sanitalowers as they seek to put an end to the oppressive tion Department, Ukeles orgaconditions under which Mexican nized public projects that focus farmers were forced to live. The Actions like creating art, on social and ecological issues of folk hero Zapata became a popuprompted by compassion can waste management. lar icon in the country and was be constructive and positive. In her early work, Maintedepicted by numerous artists who nance Art Performance Series, told the story of the Mexican RevUkeles created progressive performance pieces such olution. as Touch Sanitation, in which she shook the hands of and thanked 8,500 New York City sanitation workers. Krzysztof Wodiczko (b. 1943) Homeless Vehicle Pieces like this encourage people to be more aware of Inspired by his compassion for people who are marand appreciate the people we take for granted. For Cerginalized and powerless, Krzysztof Wodiczko creates emonial Arch Honoring Service Workers in the New politically charged artworks in public spaces. He creates Service Economy, city agencies donated materials, such site-specific slide and video projections on architectural as workers' gloves, which she used to create the works. façades and public monuments. For instance, images of Ukeles reconnects art and everyday life with the goals of homeless people are projected on park statues. The artpromoting change, challenging stereotypes, and inspirist encourages citizens to discuss and debate issues like ing compassion. homelessness in the city centers where his work exists. David Alfaro Siqueiros, For the Complete Safety of All Mexicans at Work, detail, 1952–54. Mural. Hospital de la Raza, Mexico City, D.F., Mexico. Schalkwijk/Art Resource, N Y. © 2010 Siqueiros David Alfaro/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/SOMAAP, Mexico City. Käthe Kollwitz (1867–1945) Brot (Bread) German artist Käthe Kollwitz was first inspired to create portraits of the human condition by the hardships of the people she observed in the poorest section of Berlin where she lived. Her personal life became a catalyst for her work when she, too, experienced tremendous loss through the death of her son. Kollwitz's expressive drawings, prints, and sculptures embodied her empathy for people who were experiencing hardship in daily life. Because of Kollwitz, we are able to see, feel, and experience the plight of others, such as in Brot (Bread), where we sense the desperation felt when people, especially mothers and children, are hungry.

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