SchoolArts Magazine

AUG-SEP 2013

SchoolArts is a national art education magazine committed to promoting excellence, advocacy, and professional support for educators in the visual arts since 1901.

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very common in many parts of the South Pacific, so I figured it would be a perfect technique to try with the Tiki masks. We do a lot of watercolor and crayon resist paintings, so students saw the connection instantly. Students crumpled their mask drawings at least seven times to create cracks in the crayon-filled areas. This gave the "dye" a place to seep into. After crumpling, I had students turn the paper over and carefully Tiki sculptures are a fun way to introduce classes to the diverse and interesting world of Polynesian art and culture. smooth it from the back. The paper gets weaker with each crumpling, so I stressed the importance of being gentle during this process. Students painted over the entire masks with watered-down black tempera paint. If a student did not like the effect, or if the paint covered too much, he or she could use a paper towel to dab away some of the black. The result was a lovely faux batik effect that gave the Tikis a worn, vintage look. Making Cultural Connections During the next class, I showed students a PowerPoint presentation about the Maori culture of New Zealand. The Maori are the native people of New Zealand who arrived from Polynesia sometime between the ninth and thirteenth centuries. I included images of Maori-style sculptures and masks, people and tribes, artwork, ceremonial huts, and more. I also included some authentic Maori music, which really sparked students' interest! Sophia. After this interlude, students cut out and flattened their Tikis with an iron (with teacher supervision). They placed the masks between two large sheets of paper and moved the iron back and forth to completely flatten each mask and prepare it for mounting. Students chose between two different shades of brown paper to glue the mask onto. Finally, they tore off the edges of the brown paper using a ruler to create a soft edge. Matt Mazur is an elementary and middle school art teacher at Dealey Montessori Vanguard and International Academy, in Dallas, Texas. Mmazur@DallasISD.org NaTioNal STaNdard Students demonstrate how history, culture, and the visual arts can influence each other in making and studying works of art. WeB liNkS www.polynesianculturalcenter.com www.maori.com schoolartsonline.com 21

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